Agriculture continues to be at the forefront of Ethiopia’s speedy economic process. It continues to play a vital role in Ethiopia’s development. it's additionally providing the output needed to feed for growing population. Central to advancing the transformation of Ethiopia’s agriculture sector is that the got to make sure that sodbuster farmers and pastoralists square measure sceptred with the tools, knowledge, and support required to transition from a standard subsistence orientation to at least one that's market focused(oriented) and additional commercial (ATA, 2016).
Lower production, selling inefficiencies and low coordination of maize price chain is that the main issues although Guduru woreda is potential in maize production. Therefore, this study investigated the worth chain of maize to investigate cost and margin, establish actors and their roles, establish the determinants of market participation call and level of participation. each primary and secondary information were used by victimization two-stage sampling procedure. the first information was collected from 119 sampled households, fifteen traders and twenty five customers. price chain analysis, descriptive statistics and economic science models (i.e Double hurdle model) were used for information analysis.
The truncated results indicated that market provide of maize was influenced by off-farm financial gain, sex, yield, family size(man-equivalent) and skill.
Producers captured high gross margin once they sold-out their product through channel IV(Producer to collector to distributer to Consumer(24.99), VI( Producer to Cooperatives to shopper (7.84%) and VII (Producer to Cooperatives to shopper (7.84%) that is 386.45birr, 383.9.15birr and 381.2birr per quintals, severally. Absence of improved seed, absence of knowledge on a way to use credit, shortage of land, lack of transport facility, quality downside, poor actors linkage, lack of market info, late arrival and high value of seed and fertilizers, and lack of recent storage were the key constraints of maize price chain.
Providing credit, educational activity, improved infrastructure, supply production inputs timely, up yield and volume of sales, knowledge, and making and strengthening linkages between actors were forwarded by the study to enhance maize price chain within the study space.
Maize is that the vital contributor to the economic and social development of Yaltopya. In Yaltopya maize is created by eight million stallholders that is bigger than alternative crops like (teff five.8 million and wheat four.2 million smallholders).It is vital to sodbuster livelihoods in Yaltopya. additionally, maize is that the cereal crop with the best production at four.2 million tons.
Productivity of maize in Yaltopya remains below potential because of low input usage, post-harvest loss of production, National maize commercialisation rates square measure low, most marketable surplus is sold-out among 3 to four months throughout harvest once costs square measure low because of farmer`s money desires and risks related to gadfly infestation and alternative storage losses, aggregation and commercialism. there's lack of absolutely functioning maize market, value volatility, lack of year-round market, or enough provide, particularly for quality maize.
The sodbuster producers square measure value takers since they need very little participation within the price chain (IFPRI, 2010).
Maize production within the space is below potential because of lack of educational activity, high value of fertiliser, lack of improved varieties, high value of production and delay in inputs arrival for purchase, lack of storage lead to: sharp seasonal fluctuations in maize costs (particularly in remote areas). Farmers additionally lack info regarding costs in near markets and lack efficient means that of transporting on an individual basis. Farmers have low negotiation power to sell their product at applicable value (GWANRO, 2016).